Lead is a metal that we want to get rid of; it damages our health and the environment. For many years it has been of little interest to chemists. Now it appears to have found a role that promises...

Listed by average citations per paper, among Australian institutions that published at least 75 papers in Thomson Reuters-indexed Organic Chemistry journals between 2009 and 2013. These figures...

Abstract: “Long-term dietary intake influences the structure and activity of the trillions of microorganisms residing in the human gut, but it remains unclear how rapidly and...

The NCAA’s “March Madness®” tournament has been in full swing, winnowing down the starting field of 68 men’s collegiate teams vying for the national basketball championship. The successful teams...

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

Abstract: “Following pioneering work, solution-processable organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites--such as CH3NH3PbX3 (X = Cl, Br, I)--have attracted attention as light-harvesting materials for...

Poland’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also,...

Abstract: “The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) experiment is a dual-phase xenon time-projection chamber operating at the Sanford Underground Research Facility (Lead, South Dakota). The LUX...

Listed by average citations per paper, among US institutions whose affiliated authors published at least 500 papers between 2009 and 2013 in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals in the field of...

Abstract: “BACKGROUND Infection of poultry with influenza A subtype H7 viruses occurs worldwide, but the introduction of this subtype to humans in Asia has not been observed...

Abstract: “Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, the two common forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), affect over 2.5 million people of European ancestry, with rising prevalence in other...

Italy’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to...

Abstract: “Many different photovoltaic technologies are being developed for large-scale solar energy conversion. The wafer-based first-generation photovoltaic devices have been followed by thin-...

Of Japanese institutions, those below contributed the highest numbers of papers to the Web of Science field of Robotics over...

Abstract: “We present cosmological parameter constraints based on the final nine-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) data, in conjunction with a number of additional...

Abstract: “IMPORTANCE More than one-third of adults and 17% of youth in the United States are obese, although the prevalence remained stable between 2003-2004 and 2009-2010...

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

Mexico’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to...

Abstract: “Functional elucidation of causal genetic variants and elements requires precise genome editing technologies. The type II prokaryotic CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short...

“Why me?” is a direct or implied question from many patients diagnosed with cancer, but there is rarely a simple answer. At some point in any discussion with healthcare professionals or during the...

Listed by average citations per paper, among United Kingdom institutions whose affiliated authors published at least 100 papers between 2009 and 2013 in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals in the...

Abstract: “Following pioneering work, solution-processable organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites--such as CH3NH3PbX3 (X = Cl, Br, I)--have attracted attention as light-harvesting materials for...

Abstract: “We report results from the BICEP2 experiment, a cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarimeter specifically designed to search for the signal of inflationary...

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

Denmark’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also,...

Abstract: “BACKGROUND Abiraterone acetate, an androgen biosynthesis inhibitor, improves overall survival in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer after...

The United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCC) is an international treaty ratified by 195 countries. It came into effect in 1994 with the lofty goal of stabilizing greenhouse gas...

[Authors' affiliations: 115 institutions worldwide]

Abstract: “By characterizing the geographic and functional spectrum of human genetic variation, the 1000 Genomes Project aims to build a...

From pop-cultural milestones to prevalent diseases to an epidemic that unsettled the world, ScienceWatch monitored these and other stories during the year.

View the...

No apologies for returning to the topic of CRISPR, a technology that underpins some of the hottest Research Fronts identified by Thomson Reuters Essential Science Indicators and which we...

[Authors' affiliations: Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; Singapore-Berkeley Research Initiative for Sustainable Energy, Singapore; Institute of Materials for Electronic...

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

Brazil’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also,...

Abstract: “A search for the Standard Model Higgs boson in proton-proton collisions with the ATLAS detector at the LHC is presented. The datasets used correspond to integrated...

Abstract:“We analysed primary breast cancers by genomic DNA copy number arrays, DNA methylation, exome sequencing, messenger RNA arrays, microRNA sequencing and reverse-phase...

To identify the most prominent and fast-moving fields in current research, Thomson Reuters and its collaborators have turned once again to Research Fronts—those specialty areas identified by...

The year 2007 saw the launch of a new Springer periodical, the Journal of Cancer Survivorship. A generation ago, perhaps, few would have seen the need for such a publication. In the...

Among the many changes wrought by the digital revolution, few have been as consequential to science as the movement towards open data. As the pros and cons are debated, the ongoing legal and...

The ascent of China as a global economic and technological power has made for a constant (and constantly striking) story in recent years. The nation’s progress has frequently been marked in...

Abstract: “Functional elucidation of causal genetic variants and elements requires precise genome editing technologies. The type II prokaryotic CRISPR (clustered regularly...

Abstract: “Following pioneering work, solution-processable organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites--such as CH3NH3PbX3 (X = Cl, Br, I)--have attracted attention as light-harvesting...

Finland’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also,...

For the past three years, the IP & Science business of Thomson Reuters, drawing on its unique store of patent data, has presented the “Top 100 Global Innovators”—companies that, to a...

NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft, launched in 2006, is now in the final stage of its journey to Pluto. This is a flyby mission, like the Voyager 1 and 2 missions to Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and...

Abstract: “We present cosmological parameter constraints based on the final nine-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) data, in conjunction with a number of additional cosmological data...

Abstract: “BACKGROUND Enzalutamide (formerly called MDV3100) targets multiple steps in the androgen-receptor-signaling pathway, the major driver of prostate-cancer growth. We aimed to evaluate...

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

A lithium-air cell.

Lithium-air batteries, also known as Li-O2, promise to transform energy use this century as lightweight methods of storing electricity. They have great potential, providing up to five times more...

Abstract: “An effective way to improve polymer solar cell efficiency is to use a tandem structure, as a broader part of the spectrum of solar radiation is used and the...

Listed by average citations per paper, among United Kingdom institutions whose affiliated authors published at least 50 papers between 2009 and 2013 in Thomson Reuters-indexed...

Recent years, particularly in the United States, have seen a new awareness of the dangers and consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Unfortunately, although not unexpectedly, this trend...

A few months ago, ScienceWatch presented one of its regular Weekly Bytes features—in this case, a...

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

Abstract: “A search for the Standard Model Higgs boson in proton-proton collisions with the ATLAS detector at the LHC is presented. The datasets used correspond to integrated luminosities of...

Abstract: “To characterize somatic alterations in colorectal carcinoma, we conducted a genome-scale analysis of 276 samples, analysing exome sequence, DNA copy number, promoter methylation and...

A new addition to the genetic engineer’s toolbox has surfaced as a hot topic. Called CRISPR, for Clustered Regularly Interspaced S...

Singapore’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also,...

On October 7, the winners of the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics were announced: Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano, and Shuji Nakamura, honored "for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes...

Abstract: “The human genome encodes the blueprint of life, but the function of the vast majority of its nearly three billion bases is unknown. The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project has...

Listed by average citations per paper, among worldwide institutions whose affiliated authors published at least 1,000 papers between January 1, 2004 and April 30, 2014 in Thomson Reuters-indexed...

Abstract: “An effective way to improve polymer solar cell efficiency is to use a tandem structure, as a broader part of the spectrum of solar radiation is used and the...

Abstract: “Polymer-fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells (PSCs) are currently attracting a great deal of attention and gaining increasing importance, having already shown great promise as...

Russia’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also,...

[Authors' affiliations: 95 institutions worldwide]

Abstract: “We analysed primary breast cancers by genomic DNA copy number arrays, DNA methylation, exome sequencing, messenger RNA arrays,...

Of US institutions, those below contributed the highest numbers of papers to the Web of Science field of Religion over a recent five-year...

CMR International 2104 Pharmaceutical R&D Factbook

The ongoing fortunes of the global biopharmaceutical industry engender constant scrutiny and discussion. Some observers, in the wake of recent FDA approval rates and other measures, subscribe to a...

Towards the end of his life, almost two millennia ago now, the naturalist Pliny the Elder noted that there was always something new coming out of Africa. Today’s virologists would surely agree....

Web of Science-Indexed Papers Mentioning "Ayrnes," 2004-20013

Pharmaceutical companies, at the forefront of the fight against disease, rely on organic chemists to synthesize the new molecules that might provide the weapons we need to beat cancer and viruses...

[Authors' affiliations: Broad Institute, Cambridge, MA; MIT, Cambridge, MA; Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China; Columbia University, New York, NY; Rockefeller...

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

Taiwan’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also,...

Abstract: “Following pioneering work, solution-processable organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites--such as CH3NH3PbX3 (X = Cl, Br, I)--have attracted attention as light-harvesting...

The BICEP2 telescope at the South Pole.

On March 17, 2014, I was in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, as a guest speaker on astronomy for cruise-ship passengers on a world voyage. After my talk on the nature of the universe, a member of...

Listed by average citations per paper, among Canadian institutions whose affiliated authors published at least 100 papers between 2009 and 2013 in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals in the main...

Abstract: “A search for the Standard Model Higgs boson in proton-proton collisions with the ATLAS detector at the LHC is presented. The datasets used correspond to integrated...

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

Abstract: “BACKGROUND Blockade of programmed death 1 (PD-1), an inhibitory receptor expressed by T cells, can overcome immune resistance. We assessed the antitumor activity and...

“An integrated map of genetic variation from 1,092 human genomes,” by the 1000 Genomes Project, Nature, 491(7422): 56-65, 1 November 2012.  

[Authors' affiliations: 115 institutions...

Belgium’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also,...

Gene Therapy Restores Eyesight

Gene therapy—fix a genetic disease by giving the patient a working copy of the relevant gene—is in the news. Researchers in Oxford, UK and in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, recently announced that...

Listed by average citations per papers, among Australian institutions that published at least 500 papers in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals in the main field of Neuroscience & Behavior...

Abstract: “The production of H-2 by photocatalytic water splitting has attracted a lot attention as a clean and renewable solar H-2 generation system. Despite tremendous efforts,...

“OBSERVATION OF A NEW BOSON AT A MASS OF 125 GeV WITH THE CMS COLLABORATION AT CERN,” BY THE CMS COLLABORATION, PHYSICS LETTERS B, 716(1): 30-61, 17 SEPTEMBER 2012.  

[Authors' affiliations...

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

Globally, according to the World Health Organization, depression affects upwards of 350 million people, fewer than half of whom (and, in some countries, fewer than 10%) actually receive treatment...

Austria’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also,...

Abstract: “Achieving accurate genomic estimated breeding values for dairy cattle requires a very large reference population of genotyped and phenotyped individuals. Assembling...

Number of Web of Science-indexed Papers in Chemistry/Materials Mentioning the 'Three R's'

Although there has been a lot of interest in organic catalysts this century, the traditional type of metal-based catalyst is making a comeback, but in a different guise. Now the rarest of metals...

 “Nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region as a universal barcode marker for Fungi,” by Conrad L. Schoch, et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United...

Listed by average citations per paper, among United Kingdom institutions whose affiliated authors published at least 200 papers between 2009 and 2013 in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals in the...

Teleportation is Tested

Kinematical techniques used to understand the Higgs Boson particles generated in the Large Hadron Collider advance such that quantum teleportation is...

DNA Mapping At Birth is the Norm to Avoid Disease Risk

The evolution of micro-total analysis systems (singlecell analysis) and advancements in nanotechnology, coupled with more widespread Big Data technologies...

Cancer Treatments Have Very Few Toxic Side Effects

Drug development is so much more precise, binding to specific proteins and using antibodies to give exact mechanisms of action, that the debilitating...

Petroleum-Based Packaging Is History; Cellulose-Derived Packaging Rules

Bio-nanocomposites based on nanocellulose make 100% fully biodegradeable packaging pervasive. Petroleum-based packaging products will be no more.

For a look forward,...

Digital Everything…Everywhere

From the smallest personal items to the largest continents, everything, everywhere will be digitally connected, and responsive to our wants and likes.

For a look ahead,...

Electric Air Transportation Takes Off

Light-weight aerospace engineering coupled with new battery technologies power electric vehicle transportation - on land and in the air.

For a look ahead, Thomson Reuters...

Food Shortages and Food Price Fluctuations Are Things of the Past

Advancements in lighting technologies and imaging techniques, coupled with genetic crop modification, provide an environment ripe for successful indoor...

Type 1 Diabetes is Preventable

A versatile human genome engineering platform is a reality, paving the way for the modification of disease-causing genes and helping to prevent certain...

Solar is the Largest Source of Energy on the Planet

Methods for harvesting, storing and converting solar energy are so advanced and efficient that it becomes the primary source of energy on our planet....

Dementia Declines

Understanding of the human genome and genetic mutations leads to improved detection of, and prevention methods for, the onset of neurodegenerative diseases such as dementia and Alzheimer’s...

Colorized transmission electron micrograph showing particles of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus that emerged in 2012.

From time to time the world faces talk of epidemics or even a pandemic due to some novel respiratory virus. For example, apart from the ever-present concern over virulent shifts in the genetic...

Abstract: “BACKGROUND Blockade of programmed death 1 (PD-1), an inhibitory receptor expressed by T cells, can overcome immune resistance. We assessed the antitumor activity and...

The Netherlands’ world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters....

Abstract: “Evidence suggests that adverse experiences in childhood are associated with psychosis. To examine the association between childhood adversity and trauma (sexual abuse,...

“An integrated encyclopedia of DNA elements in the human genome,” by the ENCODE Project Consortium, Nature, 489(7414): 57-74, 6 September 2012.

[Authors' affiliations: 85 institutions...

Of US  institutions, those below contributed the highest numbers of papers to the Web of Science field of Sport Sciences over a recent five-...

“Solution-processed small-molecule solar cells with 6.7% efficiency,” by Yanming Sun, et al., Nature Materials, 11(1): 44-8, January 2012.  

[Authors' affiliations: University of California...

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

Abstract: “A search for the Standard Model Higgs boson in proton-proton collisions with the ATLAS detector at the LHC is presented. The datasets used correspond to integrated...

Sweden’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also,...

Science Citation Index - 50th Anniversary

In 1964, Dr. Eugene Garfield, founder of the company then known as the Institute for Scientific Information (the forerunner of the Intellectual Property and Science business of Thomson Reuters),...

“Intratumour heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” by Marco Gerlinger, et al., New England Journal of Medicine, 366(10): 883-92, 8 March 2012.    

[...

Listed by citations per paper, among Japanese institutions whose affiliated authors published at least 300 papers between 2008 and 2012 in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals in the main field of...

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

Abstract: “We analysed primary breast cancers by genomic DNA copy number arrays, DNA methylation, exome sequencing, messenger RNA arrays, microRNA sequencing and reverse-phase...

Annals of Applied Biology

This year, Annals of Applied Biology celebrates its 100th anniversary. To mark the occasion, we present remarks from Editor-in-Chief Jari Valkonen, Professor of Plant Pathology at the...

Science in South Korea, 2008-2012

South Korea’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in...

Abstract: “An effective way to improve polymer solar cell efficiency is to use a tandem structure, as a broader part of the spectrum of solar radiation is used and the...

Thomson Reuters Sustainability, a resource that gathers expert insights on sustainability from such areas as climate and...

Abstract: “Polymer-fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells (PSCs) are currently attracting a great deal of attention and gaining increasing importance, having already shown...

Listed by average citations per paper, among Canadian institutions whose affiliated authors published at least 500 papers between 2008 and 2012 in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals in the main...

“Prevalence of obesity and trends in the distribution of body mass index among US adults, 1999-2010,” by K.M. Flegal, M.D. Carroll, B.K. Kit, C.L. Ogden., JAMA – Journal of the American Medical...

Diabetes Research Infographic

Upwards of 382 million people around the world are living with diabetes, according to the International...

Switzerland’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also,...

Abstract: “By characterizing the geographic and functional spectrum of human genetic variation, the 1000 Genomes Project aims to build a resource to help to understand the genetic contribution to...

Abstract: “The iodide/triiodide redox shuttle has limited the efficiencies accessible in dye-sensitized solar cells. Here, we report mesoscopic solar cells that incorporate a Co((...

Abstract: “A search for the Standard Model Higgs boson in proton-proton collisions with the ATLAS detector at the LHC is presented. The datasets used correspond to integrated luminosities of...

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

Increase in Web of Science-indexed Papers on Polymer Solar Cells, 2000 to 2013

Governments everywhere are anxious to reduce the dependency of their economies on carbon-based energy. They also face pressure to reduce or eliminate nuclear power. For example, Germany and Japan...

The results announced last week by the BICEP2 telescope team at the South Pole appear to provide the first direct evidence of cosmic inflation--the inconceivably rapid expansion of the universe a...

[Authors' affiliations: 7 institutions worldwide]

Abstract: “BACKGROUND Intratumor heterogeneity may foster tumor evolution and adaptation and hinder personalized-medicine strategies that...

Pere P. Simarro, World Health Organization

In a recent analysis of data from Thomson Reuters Web of Science, the journal PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases was identified as a Rising Star in the field of Immunology, based on an...

Abstract: “The human genome encodes the blueprint of life, but the function of the vast majority of its nearly three billion bases is unknown. The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (...

Of UK institutions, those below contributed the highest numbers of papers to the field of Information Science & Library Science over a recent five-year period. Based on each institution’s...

Abstract: “Since its introduction in 2001, MrBayes has grown in popularity as a software package for Bayesian phylogenetic inference using Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods. With this note,...

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

Spain’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also, Spain’...

Listed by average citations per paper, among US institutions whose affiliated authors published at least 200 papers between 2008 and 2012 in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals in the field of...

Abstract: “Context: Autism is considered the most heritable of neurodevelopmental disorders, mainly because of the large difference in concordance rates between monozygotic and...

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

The Beatles performing on the Ed Sullivan show. Photo courtesy of www.thebeatles.com.

This year marks the fiftieth anniversary of worldwide Beatlemania in 1964, when four young musicians from Liverpool, England, having conquered Great Britain during the previous year, took America...

Abstract: “Simultaneous enhancement of open-circuit voltage, short-circuit current density, and fill factor in highly efficient polymer solar cells by incorporating an alcohol/...

Japan’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also, Japan’...

Abstract: “Tandem solar cells provide an effective way to harvest a broader spectrum of solar radiation by combining two or more solar cells with different absorption bands. However, for polymer...

Listed by average citations per paper, among China-based institutions (including Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan) whose affiliated authors published at least 500 papers between 2008 and 2012 in...

The Future of COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, is a term that covers several conditions, all characterized by persistent blockage of airflow from the lungs and difficulty in breathing. Emphysema...

Abstract: “BACKGROUND: The use of warfarin reduces the rate of ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation but requires frequent monitoring and dose adjustment....

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

Abstract: “DNase I hypersensitive sites (DHSs) are markers of regulatory DNA and have underpinned the discovery of all classes of cis-regulatory elements including enhancers,...

Italy’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also, Italy’...

Listed by average citations per paper, among Australian institutions whose affiliated authors published at least 175 papers between 2008 and 2012 in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals in the main...

Abstract: “Organic photovoltaic devices that can be fabricated by simple processing techniques are under intense investigation in academic and industrial laboratories because of their potential to...

Cross section of an LHC dipole in the tunnel. | Photo: Maximilien Brice | Courtesy of CERN

The pair of papers heading the current Top Ten reports the observation of the long-awaited Higgs boson. The Nobel Prize in Physics 2013 was recently awarded jointly to François Englert and Peter W...

Passive dilution of 5hmC during preimplantation development.

It is (reasonably) common knowledge that DNA is written in a simple four-letter code: ACTG. Too simple, actually. A fifth base—5-methylcytosine 5mC—plays a crucial role in determining which bits...

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

Abstract: “Results are presented from searches for the standard model Higgs boson in proton-proton collisions at root s = 7 and 8 TeV in the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment at...

Germany's world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also,...

Abstract: “BACKGROUND Blockade of programmed death 1 (PD-1), an inhibitory receptor expressed by T cells, can overcome immune resistance. We assessed the antitumor activity and...

Winning Team

Congratulations to Thrombosis and Haemostasis, winner of the inaugural ScholarOne...

REUTERS/Aly Song

Close examination of the cell and molecular biology of cancer has yielded a raft of new compounds to supplement or replace long-established approaches via some combination of surgery, radiotherapy...

Abstract: “The human genome encodes the blueprint of life, but the function of the vast majority of its nearly three billion bases is unknown. The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (...

Of US institutions, those below contributed the highest numbers of papers to the field of Allergy over a recent five-year period. Based on each institution's percentage of the 11,429 papers...

The table below lists prominent journals in a given specialty area according to three separate measures, based on metrics found in...

Abstract: “Polymer-fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells (PSCs) are currently attracting a great deal of attention and gaining increasing importance, having already shown...

REUTERS/Michaela Rehle

Trapping the energy of the Sun offers the world a limitless source of electricity. What might curtail our access to this abundant energy is the scarcity of rare elements that are currently needed...

Abstract: “A search for the Standard Model Higgs boson in proton-proton collisions with the ATLAS detector at the LHC is presented. The datasets used correspond to integrated...

Listed by average citations per paper, among Australian universities that published at least 100 papers in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals of Electrical & Electronic Engineering between 2008...

REUTERS/Ints Kalnins

To commemorate December’s World AIDS Day, ScienceWatch examines the hottest of recent research on HIV/AIDS. For this analysis, we turn to Essential Science Indicators (a subset of Thomson Reuters...

Abstract:Background: Phase 1 and 2 clinical trials of the BRAF kinase inhibitor vemurafenib (PLX4032) have shown response rates of more than 50% in patients...

France's world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also,...

Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge Ideation Challenge Winners Q&A

In May 2013, Thomson Reuters launched the Build Challenge, a contest for the scientific and scholarly research community designed to expand the discovery experience offered by Thomson Reuters Web...

Underwater antineutrino detectors at the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment in China

Particle physics is currently going through a period of rapid progress on the puzzle of the origin of mass. On 14 March 2013, news of the tentative confirmation of the Higgs boson, with a mass 250...

Successful Nobel Predictions

In the second week of October, the customary announcement of the Nobel Prizes elevated a small group of scientists to worldwide fame. But even before the Nobel committee declared its selections,...

a stretch of DNA containing the sequences known as exons

ENCODE is a very spiffy acronym—for the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements—but the word itself makes searching for information about it extremely difficult. It is ubiquitous, in all sorts of different...

An elderly woman is escorted by an aide in London, March 22, 2010. REUTERS/Suzanne Plunkett

When ScienceWatch last looked at Alzheimer’s disease (AD) three years ago, the focus was on a protein known...

REUTERS/Jonny Hogg

Two adjacent papers in the current Hot Ten, #6 and #7, deal with the chemistry of fuel cells. According to citations recorded in brand-new papers indexed in...

In Five Disorders, Genetic Markers Belie DSM-5 Distinctions

The new, fifth, edition of the psychiatric bible formally known as Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, henceforth DSM-5, went on sale on 22 May 2013, but even...

REUTERS/Tyrone Siu

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has recently revised its guidance on testing for infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Testing for anti-HCV, recommended for known at-risk...

REUTERS/Yuriko Nakao

For centuries gold was the way that humankind either hoarded its wealth or adorned itself. Its unchanging nature ensured that it remained attractive, but few practical uses were found for the...

VLT Survey Telescope (VST) at Cerro Paranal

Europe’s flagship visible-light observatory, the Very Large Telescope array (VLT) is located on Cerro Paranal (elevation 2, 635m) in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile. Astronomers at the...

Neurotherapeutics: The Journal of The American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics

In a recent analysis of data from Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge, the journal Neurotherapeutics was identified as a Rising Star in the field of Neuroscience & Behavior. Its current...

Who and What Was Hot in Scientific Research in 2012

The Higgs research and those dedicated to the discovery of the long sought after Higgs particle weren't the only ones to take center stage in 2012.

Find out about the hottest papers and...

Thomson Reuters/Paul Hacket

This report provides a concise overview of scientific activity and concentration in Spain and a group of comparator nations, including Portugal, France, Italy, Brazil, and Mexico. Along with...

doctor consulting with patient

More than 17,000 people attended the 2012 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) meeting, a firm fixture in the oncology calendar. The schedule for this year’s meeting, in Washington, D.C...

The ability to accurately predict the toxicity of drug candidates from their chemical structure is critical for guiding experimental drug discovery toward safer medicines. In silico Quantitative...

Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge Ideation Challenge Winners Q&A

In January 2013, Thomson Reuters launched the Ideation Challenge, a contest for the scientific and scholarly research community designed to expand the discovery experience offered by Thomson...

In the fall of 2011, former Stanford professor Sebastian Thrun made headlines by offering a free online course in Artificial Intelligence that attracted nearly 150,000 participants. Since then,...

A recent analysis of InCites: Essential Science Indicators (a subset of the Web of Knowledge from Thomson Reuters) demonstrated that a 2011 report, “Insomnia as a predictor of depression: A meta-...

Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) has produced a new, more detailed picture of the infant universe shown in this image released on March 16, 2006.

Ever since the accidental discovery of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) in 1965, observations of this phenomenon have remained central to progress in cosmology. The Wilkinson Microwave...

REUTERS/RTR2NJVF

Hardly a month goes by without the media reporting the discovery of trace amounts of some unwanted chemical in the things we eat and drink. Some enter the food chains by accident, such as...

DNA strands

Glance at the titles of the Top Ten biology papers and you can just about make out a pattern. Scattered here and there are words like large-scale, identifies, loci and...

Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases cover

A recent analysis of data from Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge has determined that the journal Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases is a Rising Star in the field of Immunology....

REUTERS/Brian Snyder

The techniques of chemical synthesis are undergoing a revolution, as revealed by the fast-growing number of continuous-flow microreactor papers in the literature. From its origins a dozen or so...

REUTERS/Brian Snyder

There’s nothing quite like a deadly disease to excite the science writer. The finding, just weeks ago as I write this, that...

REUTERS/Jason Reed

The term “epigenetics” denotes control over the expression of genes in ways that are “above” or “in addition to” genetics itself. At the molecular level, it involves the addition of chemical...

Galaxy photograph

The Physics Hot Ten currently has five papers on cosmological results from probes and telescopes in space (#1, #2, #3, #8, #10). The quest to understand the nature of the universe continues with...

Applied Intelligence cover

According to a recent analysis of InCites (a subset of Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge), the journal Applied Intelligence has been identified as a Rising Star in the...

A recent analysis of citation figures from InCites (drawing on data from Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge) identified a 2011 report entitled “Coseismic and postseismic slip of...

To tackle the delicate balance between having blood that clots too readily or not readily enough, evolution has come up with a complex scheme involving a cascade of proteins and platelets—a scheme...

The biggest mystery in modern cosmology is to understand why the expansion rate of the universe is accelerating. The 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded for the discovery of the acceleration,...

Time was, in the late 1990s, when you could barely move in the Biology Top Ten without tripping over papers about apoptosis. That’s the mechanism whereby cells die (or commit suicide) in a tidy,...

The hoped-for success of the comparatively new discipline of regenerative medicine (“new” in that, for example, the journal Regenerative Medicine began in January, 2006) is based in large...

The current Hot Ten has most papers about graphene (# 1, #7, and #8), or polymer solar cells (#2, #4, #5, #6, and #10). The remaining two are #3, which is about metal-organic frameworks, and #9,...

Mars Mission rover. Photo: REUTERS/Fred Prouser

NASA's Mars Science Laboratory, Curiosity, is the seventh visitor to the red planet, and by far the most ambitious mission of planetary exploration ever attempted. Curiosity's task is to determine...

According to a recent analysis of Thomson Reuters Web of Science, the 2012 report “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” (M. Gerlinger,  ...

Once again, ScienceWatch takes its annual look back at the hottest of recent research. Listed in the adjoining table are the researchers who, according to citations tracked during 2011,...

According to a recent analysis of Thomson Reuters Web of Science, the 2011 report “Recombinant origin of the retrovirus XMRV,”* has been identified as a Fast Breaking Paper in Microbiology. This...

According to a recent analysis of Essential Science Indicators (a subset of the Web of Knowledge from Thomson Reuters), a 2010 report entitled “A protocol for data exploration to...

In a recent analysis of Essential Science Indicators (a subset of Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge), the journal Family Business Review was named a Rising Star in the...

In February of 2012, Dr. M. Santosh was among the honorees at the Thomson Reuters Japan Research Day and Research Front Awards ceremony in Tokyo. Dr. Santosh received a Research Front Award in the...

Time was when the phrase “personalized medicine” would have referred to something like the provision of medical care by a family doctor on a one-to-one basis, but for several years now indexers...

The history of astronomy is notable in the present century for the astonishing emergence of a new consensus that releases cosmologists from the wordy debates that have occupied philosophers for...

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common form of brain tumor in adults, responsible for more than half of all brain tumors. Prognosis is generally very poor, with survival measured in...

When ScienceWatch last visited the topic of multiauthor papers back in 2007, the signs were unclear as to whether the trend of reports listing untold hundreds of authors was perhaps...

Replace a hydrogen atom in a molecule with a fluorine and there can be a dramatic boost to its biological effects. Witness, for example, the healing power of fluorinated drugs and the efficacy of...

In February of 2011, Thomson Reuters presented a listing of the Top 100 Materials Scientists, 2000-2010, Ranked by Citation Impact [...

According to our Special Topics analysis of supersymmetry research over the past decade, the work of Nima Arkani-Hamed ranks at #2 by impact and #10 by citations in our special dataset,...

In a recent analysis of Essential Science Indicators (a subset of the Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge), the journal Perspectives on Psychological Science was named a Rising Star in the...

In a recent analysis of Essential Science Indicators data from Thomson Reuters, the journal Energy & Environmental Science was named a Rising Star in the field of Environment & Ecology....

The aim this century is to “green” the chemical, agrochemical, and pharmaceutical industries by finding processes that produce high yields of products with little or no waste. One of the stumbling...

The first trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) was performed 10 years ago in a 57-year-old man for whom the experimental procedure was a “last resort.” The valve functioned well but the...

Our Special Topics analysis of supersymmetry research over the past decade, the work of Dr. Shamit Kachru ranks at #2 by total cites and #4 by cites per paper, based on his 42 papers in...

Our Special Topics analysis of supersymmetry research over the past decade shows that the work of Professor Mirjam Cvetic ranks #8 by total citations, based on 62 papers cited a total of...

Biomedical science has been quick to emulate the open-source model, derived from software development, at least in some spheres. It is hard, however, to imagine an open-source model for drug...

Astronomers engaged in the search for planets orbiting stars in the Milky Way galaxy are ecstatic about the results now pouring in from the NASA Kepler mission. The discovery of stars with several...

Our Special Topics analysis of papers published 2001 to 2011 dealing with supersymmetry and the search for the Higgs boson has identified Professor Sven Heinemeyer of the Spanish National...

Article: 205-GHz (Al,In)N/GaN HEMTs

Authors: Sun, HF;Alt, AR;Benedickter, H;Feltin, E;Carlin, JF;Gonschorek, M;Grandjean, NR; Bolognesi, CR
Journal: IEEE ELECTRON...

Gerd Gigerenzer & Henry Brighton talk with ScienceWatch.com and answer a few questions about this New Hot Paper in the field of Psychiatry/Psychology. The paper describes the major...

Our Special Topics analysis of supersymmetry research over the past decade shows that the work of Professor John Ellis ranks at #1 by total citations and by total papers, based on 134 papers cited...

 REUTERS/Jo Yong-Hak

For the tenth consecutive year, ScienceWatch.com presents the 10th annual "Top 20" listings of countries which, according to the latest bimonthly update of...

Japan’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, expressed as a percentage of papers in each of 21 fields in the Thomson Reuters database. Also, Japan’s...

Germany’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, expressed as a percentage of papers in each of 21 fields in the Thomson Reuters database. Also, Germany’s...

REUTERS/Eric Gaillard

The time has rolled around yet again for Science Watch to take its annual look back at the hottest of recent research. The tab below are the researchers who, according to citations...

chemistry beekers

On February 10, 2011, Thomson Reuters released data identifying the world's top 100 chemists over the past 11 years as ranked by...

A bulk single grain sample of superconducting Y-Ba-Cu-O being levitated by a permanent magnet. From an interview with David Cardwell featured in the Special Topic of High-Temperature Superconductors (Aug. 2009).

On March 2, 2011, Thomson Reuters released data identifying the world’s top 100 materials scientists who achieved the highest citation impact scores for their papers (articles and reviews)...

REUTERS/Brian Snyder

In December 2010 ScienceWatch.com presented its annual "Top 20" listings of countries (across all 22 fields), which as of...

The United Kingdom's world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, expressed as a percentage of papers in each of 21 fields in the Thomson Reuters database. Also...

During February 2010, ScienceWatch.com presented a listing of the top 20 institutions which, as of the fifth bimonthly update of...

Between 2004 and 2008, Thomson Reuters indexed 143,186 papers listing at least one author address in India. Of those papers, the highest percentage appeared in the field of chemistry, followed by...

Occasionally real science plays out just like the movies: A brilliant experiment is followed by a "Eureka!" moment, and a new vision of the future reveals itself. This was the case in 1996 when...

The 2009 United Nations Summit on Climate Change, which attracted more than 100 world leaders, including the heads of state of both the United States and China, is only one recent manifestation of...

Harvard University logo

In August 2009, ScienceWatch presented a listing of the top 20 institutions which, as of the second bimonthly update of Essential Science IndicatorsSM (January 1, 1999-April 30, 2009)...

Due to the recent reversal of stem cell research restrictions in the United States, stem cells are back in the news....

Brazil's world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, expressed as a percentage of papers in each of 21 fields in the  Thomson Reuters database. Also, Brazil's...

The data below were extracted from Thomson Reuters Essential Science IndicatorsSM database. This database, currently covering the period January 1998 through October 2008,...

Below is a listing of the top 20 countries which, as of the latest bimonthly update of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, attracted the highest total citations to their papers published in...

The data below were extracted from the Essential Science Indicators database of Thomson Reuters. This database, currently covering the period January 1999 through October 2008, surveys...

According to our Special Topics analysis on graphene research over the past decade, the scientist whose work ranks at #1 by total cites is Dr. Kostya Novoselov, with 33 papers cited a total of 2,...

Below is a listing of the top 20 countries which, as of the latest bimonthly update of Essential Science Indicators, attracted the highest total citations to their papers published in...

Grahene is one atom thick, which makes it the thinnest material in the universe, or at least tied for the thinnest should some novel competitor be lurking out there somewhere, as yet undiscovered...

Top institution rankings in chemistry, based on citations per paper among institutions with 50,000 or more citations, between January 1997 to December 2007. Data from...

The data below were extracted from Thomson Reuters Essential Science IndicatorsSM database. This database, currently covering the period January 1997 to December 2007, surveys...

The data below were Based on data in Essential Science IndicatorsSM. This database, currently covering the period January 1997 to October 2007, surveys only journal articles (...

The data below were extracted from Thomson Reuters Essential Science IndicatorsSM database. This database, currently covering the period January 1997 to October 2007, surveys...

Science Watch turns its focus back toward the British Isles, with a survey of top-cited U.K. institutions and researchers, from 2003-2007, based on their representation in a selection of...

The data below were extracted from Thomson Reuters Essential Science Indicators database. This database, currently covering the period January 1997 to August 2007, surveys only journal...

The data below were extracted from Thomson Reuters Essential Science IndicatorsSM database. This database, currently covering the period January 1997 to October 2007, surveys...

Rising Star in the field of Computer Science. Professor He's citation record in this field includes 21 papers cited a total of 306 times between January 1, 1997 and December 31, 2007. He also has...

Ray M. Kaplan talks with ScienceWatch.com and answers a few questions about the Emerging Research Front in the field of Microbiology.

Article: Drug resistance in nematodes of...

Of U.S. institutions, those below contributed the greatest number of papers to the field of political science & public administration over a recent five-year period. Based on each institution'...

A listing of the top 20 countries which attracted the highest total citations to their papers published in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals of Physics over the 11-year period (1997-2007). These...