For Trio of Citation Laureates, Inflation Evidence Makes a Big Bang

March 2014

The results announced last week by the BICEP2 telescope team at the South Pole appear to provide the first direct evidence of cosmic inflation--the inconceivably rapid expansion of the universe a fraction of a second after the Big Bang.

 

The theory of cosmic inflation, first proposed more than 30 years ago, has been particularly associated with three physicists: Alan H. Guth of MIT, the first to posit the idea; Andrei D. Linde of Stanford University; and Paul J. Steinhardt of Princeton University. Word of the apparent confirmation of cosmic inflation made news around the world (e.g., Physics World), including a YouTube video of Linde being informed of the BICEP2 results during a surprise visit to his house by a Stanford colleague.

 

The importance of inflation theory as a framework for understanding the structure of the universe has long been recognized by the scientific community—and by Thomson Reuters analysts. In fact, eight years ago, for their work on inflationary cosmology, Guth, Linde, and Steinhardt were selected together as Thomson Reuters Citation Laureates, likely winners of the Nobel Prize (an eventuality that recent events would seem to solidify).

 

To mark the BICEP2 announcement, we present a selection of highly cited papers on inflation and related topics from each of the trio, with citation totals from Thomson Reuters Web of Science.

 

 

Highly Cited Papers on Inflation by 2006 Thomson Reuters Citation Laureates

Alan H. Guth

Rank

Paper

Citations

1

A.H. Guth, “Inflationary universe: a possible solution to the horizon and flatness problems,” Physical Review D, 23(2): 347-56, 1981.

4,390

2

A.H. Guth, S.Y. Pi, “Fluctuations in the new inflationary universe,” Physical Review Letters, 49(15): 1110-3, 1982.

1,254

3

A.H. Guth, E.J. Weinberg, “Could the universe have recovered from a slow 1st-order phase transition,” Nuclear Physics B, 212(2): 321-64, 1983.

340

4

A.H. Guth, S.Y. Pi, “Quantum-mechanics of the scalar field in the new inflationary universe,” Physical Review D, 32(8): 1899-920, 984.

285

5

S.K. Blau, E.I. Guendelman, A.H. Guth, “Dynamics of false-vacuum bubbles,” Physical Review D, 35(6): 1747-66, 1987.

260

Andrei  D. Linde

Rank

Paper

Citations

1

A.D. Linde, “A new inflationary universe scenario: a possible solution of the horizon, flatness, homogeneity, isotropy and primordial monopole problems,” Physics Letters B, 108(6): 389-93, 1982.

2,444

2  

A.D. Linde, “Chaotic inflation,” Physics Letters B, 129(3-4): 177-81, 1983.

1,428

L. Kofman, A. Linde, A.A. Starobinsky, “Reheating after inflation,” Physical Review Letters, 73(24): 3195-8, 1994.

723

A. Linde, “Hybrid inflation,” Physical Review D, 49(2): 748-54, 1994.

701

5

L. Kofman, A. Linde, A.A. Starobinsky, “Towards the theory of reheating after inflation,” Physical Review D, 56(6): 3258-95, 1997.

691

Paul J. Steinhardt

Rank

Paper

Citations

1

J.M Bardeen, P.J. Steinhardt, M.S. Turner, “Spontaneous creation of almost scale-free density perturbations in an inflationary universe,” Physical Review D, 28(4): 679-93, 1983.

1,305

2

C. Armendariz-Picon, et al., “Dynamical solution to the problem of a small cosmological constant and late-time cosmic acceleration,” Physical Review Letters, 85(21): 4438-41, 2000.

740

3

N.A. Bahcall, et al., “Cosmology - The cosmic triangle: Revealing the state of the universe,” Science, 284(5419): 1481-8, 1999.

739

4

D. La, P.J. Steinhardt, “Extended inflationary cosmology, Physical Review Letters, 62(4): 376-8, 1989.

675

5

J. Khoury, B.A. Ovrut, P.J. Steinhardt, “Ekpyrotic universe: Colliding branes and the origin of the hot Big Bang,” Physical Review D, 64(12): No. 123522, 2001.

658

Source: Thomson Reuters Web of Science

 

 

The data and citation records included in this report are from Thomson Reuters Web of ScienceTM. Web of ScienceTM is a registered trademark of Thomson Reuters. All rights reserved.