Science in Italy, 2008-2012

January 2014

Italy’s world share of science and social-science papers over a recent five-year period, ranked according to percentage of papers in each of 21 main fields indexed by Thomson Reuters. Also, Italy’s relative citation impact compared to the world average in each field, in percentage terms. These figures are derived from Thomson Reuters InCites, a subset of the Web of Science.

Field Percentage of papers from Italy Number of papers from Italy Relative impact compared to world average in field (%)
Space Science 11.31 7,277 +33
Neuroscience & Behavior 5.96 12,482 +7
Geosciences 5.91 10,107 +11
Pharmacology & Toxicology 5.83 9,550 +6
Clinical Medicine 5.31 61,687 +44
Mathematics 5.30 9,025 +15
Physics 5.11 27,149 +30
Immunology 5.03 5,144 +12
Molecular Biology & Genetics 4.62 7,945 +18
Computer Science 4.40 6,105 -1

Italy's overall percent share, all fields: 4.31

Biology & Biochemistry 4.21 12,647 Even
Agricultural Sciences 4.05 7,038 +37
Engineering 4.01 19,172 +17
Plant & Animal Science 3.79 11,683 +2
Economics & Business 3.72 4,108 -15
Environment/Ecology 3.63 6,177 +4
Chemistry 3.22 22,044 +16
Microbiology 3.14 2,573 +2
Psychiatry/Psychology 2.88 4,601 +2
Materials Science 2.54 7,449 +9
Social Sciences 1.92 6,831 +14

Between 2008 and 2012, Thomson Reuters indexed 265,791 papers that listed at least one author address in Italy. Of those papers, the highest percentage appeared in journals classified under the main heading of Space Science, followed by Neuroscience & Behavior and Geosciences.  

As the right-hand column shows, the citations-per-paper average, or impact, of Space Science papers featuring Italy-based authors exceeded the world average for the field by 33% (12.13 citations per paper for Italy versus the world mark of 9.15 citations). Other notable areas of strength for Italy in terms of relative impact were Clinical Medicine (44% above the world average), Agricultural Sciences (+37%), and Physics (+30%). In Biology  & Biochemistry, Italy’s impact mark happened to match the world figure precisely: 7.24 cites per paper.

SOURCE: Thomson Reuters Web of Science

The data and citation records included in this report are from Thomson Reuters Web of ScienceTM. Web of ScienceTM is a registered trademark of Thomson Reuters. All rights reserved.